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7/GROUP-CHAT

Version: 0.1

Status: Draft

Authors: Andrea Maria Piana [email protected]

Table of Contents

Abstract

This document describes the group chat protocol used by the status application. The node uses pairwise encryption among member so a message is exchanged between each participant, similarly to a one-to-one message.

Membership updates

The node uses membership updates messages to propagate group chat membership changes. The protobuf format is described in the 6/PAYLOADS. Below describes each specific field.

The protobuf messages are:

// MembershipUpdateMessage is a message used to propagate information
// about group membership changes.
message MembershipUpdateMessage {
  // The chat id of the private group chat
  string chat_id = 1;
  // A list of events for this group chat, first 65 bytes are the signature, then is a 
  // protobuf encoded MembershipUpdateEvent
  repeated bytes events = 2;
  // An optional chat message
  ChatMessage message = 3;
}

message MembershipUpdateEvent {
  // Lamport timestamp of the event as described in [Status Payload Specs](status-payload-specs.md#clock-vs-timestamp-and-message-ordering)
  uint64 clock = 1;
  // List of public keys of the targets of the action
  repeated string members = 2;
  // Name of the chat for the CHAT_CREATED/NAME_CHANGED event types
  string name = 3;
  // The type of the event
  EventType type = 4;

  enum EventType {
    UNKNOWN = 0;
    CHAT_CREATED = 1; // See [CHAT_CREATED](#chat-created)
    NAME_CHANGED = 2; // See [NAME_CHANGED](#name-changed)
    MEMBERS_ADDED = 3; // See [MEMBERS_ADDED](#members-added)
    MEMBER_JOINED = 4; // See [MEMBER_JOINED](#member-joined)
    MEMBER_REMOVED = 5; // See [MEMBER_REMOVED](#member-removed)
    ADMINS_ADDED = 6; // See [ADMINS_ADDED](#admins-added)
    ADMIN_REMOVED = 7; // See [ADMIN_REMOVED](#admin-removed)
  }
}

Payload

MembershipUpdateMessage:

Field Name Type Description
1 chat-id string The chat id of the chat where the change is to take place
2 events See details A list of events that describe the membership changes, in their encoded protobuf form
3 message ChatMessage An optional message, described in Message

MembershipUpdateEvent:

Field Name Type Description
1 clock uint64 The clock value of the event
2 members []string An optional list of hex encoded (prefixed with 0x) public keys, the targets of the action
3 name name An optional name, for those events that make use of it
4 type EventType The type of event sent, described below

Chat ID

Each membership update MUST be sent with a corresponding chatId. The format of this chat ID MUST be a string of UUID, concatenated with the hex-encoded public key of the creator of the chat, joined by -. This chatId MUST be validated by all clients, and MUST be discarded if it does not follow these rules.

Signature

The node calculates the signature for each event by encoding each MembershipUpdateEvent in its protobuf representation and prepending the bytes of the chatID, lastly the node signs the Keccak256 of the bytes using the private key by the author and added to the events field of MembershipUpdateMessage.

Group membership event

Any group membership event received MUST be verified by calculating the signature as per the method described above. The author MUST be extracted from it, if the verification fails the event MUST be discarded.

CHAT_CREATED

Chat created event is the first event that needs to be sent. Any event with a clock value lower than this MUST be discarded. Upon receiving this event a client MUST validate the chatId provided with the updates and create a chat with identified by chatId and named name.

NAME_CHANGED

admins use a name changed event to change the name of the group chat. Upon receiving this event a client MUST validate the chatId provided with the updates and MUST ensure the author of the event is an admin of the chat, otherwise the event MUST be ignored. If the event is valid the chat name SHOULD be changed to name.

MEMBERS_ADDED

admins use a members added event to add members to the chat. Upon receiving this event a client MUST validate the chatId provided with the updates and MUST ensure the author of the event is an admin of the chat, otherwise the event MUST be ignored. If the event is valid a client MUST update the list of members of the chat who have not joined, adding the members received. members is an array of hex encoded public keys.

MEMBER_JOINED

members use a members joined event to signal that they want to start receiving messages from this chat. Upon receiving this event a client MUST validate the chatId provided with the updates. If the event is valid a client MUST update the list of members of the chat who joined, adding the signer. Any message sent to the group chat should now include the newly joined member.

ADMINS_ADDED

admins use an admins added event to add make other admins in the chat. Upon receiving this event a client MUST validate the chatId provided with the updates, MUST ensure the author of the event is an admin of the chat and MUST ensure all members are already members of the chat, otherwise the event MUST be ignored. If the event is valid a client MUST update the list of admins of the chat, adding the members received. members is an array of hex encoded public keys.

MEMBER_REMOVED

members and/or admins use a member-removed event to leave or kick members of the chat. Upon receiving this event a client MUST validate the chatId provided with the updates, MUST ensure that:

  • If the author of the event is an admin, target can only be themselves or a non-admin member.
  • If the author of the event is not an admin, the target of the event can only be themselves.

    If the event is valid a client MUST remove the member from the list of members/admins of the chat, and no further message should be sent to them.

ADMIN_REMOVED

Admins use an admin-removed event to drop admin privileges. Upon receiving this event a client MUST validate the chatId provided with the updates, MUST ensure that the author of the event is also the target of the event.

If the event is valid a client MUST remove the member from the list of admins of the chat.